- For more detailed information, see CDC’s Infectious Disease After a Disaster page.
Eating or drinking anything contaminated by flood water can cause diarrheal disease. To protect yourself and your family,
- Practice good hygiene (handwashing) after contact with flood waters.
- Do not allow children to play in flood water areas.
- Wash children's hands frequently (always before meals).
- Do not allow children to play with toys that have been contaminated by flood water and have not been disinfected.
For information on disinfecting certain nonporous toys, visit CDC's Household Cleaning & Sanitizing page.
Open wounds and rashes exposed to flood waters can become infected. To protect yourself and your family,
- Avoid exposure to flood waters if you have an open wound.
- Cover open wounds with a waterproof bandage.
- Keep open wounds as clean as possible by washing well with soap and clean water.
- If a wound develops redness, swelling, or drainage, seek immediate medical attention.
For more information, visit
Other Health Effects
- Trench foot, also known as immersion foot, occurs when the feet are wet for long periods of time. It can be quite painful, but it can be prevented and treated. For more information, visit CDC’s Trench Foot or Immersion Foot page.
Be aware of potential chemical hazards during floods. Flood waters may have moved hazardous chemical containers of solvents or other industrial chemicals from their normal storage places.
Flood water poses drowning risks for everyone, regardless of their ability to swim. Swiftly moving shallow water can be deadly, and even shallow standing water can be dangerous for small children.
Vehicles do not provide adequate protection from flood waters. They can be swept away or may stall in moving water.
Animal and Insect Bites
Flood waters can displace animals, insects, and reptiles. To protect yourself and your family, be alert and avoid contact.
- CDC. Protect Yourself from Animal- and Insect-Related Hazards After A Disaster
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Recovering from Disaster (pg. 183)[PDF - 12 pages]
Avoid downed power lines.
Flood waters may contain sharp objects, such as glass or metal fragments, that can cause injury and lead to infection.